Rock Kestrel (Falco rupicolus) ©WikiC
Here are two more birds that are listed on the “Do Not Eat” list. A Gripe and an Aliet.
These things be of (the) fowls which ye shall not eat, and shall be eschewed of you (and shall be shunned by you); an eagle, and a gripe
, [and] an aliet
(but) eat ye not unclean birds, that is, an eagle, and a gripe
, and an aliet
These verses are in the Wycliffe Bible (WYC)
version. “The earliest existing edition is from 1525, but manuscripts of that only have a part of Matthew. Of the whole New Testament, the earliest manuscripts available are from 1526. Old Testament books are from later, 1530’s for some. This means that these two birds mentioned, the Gripe and the Aliet, were the names they were called by back then. Languages change over hundreds of years.
Interesting note about how these birds are listed in the “Do Not Eat List” Here is what the Expositor’s Bible Commentary (Abridged Edition): Old Testament says:
“13-19 There was no easy rule of thumb for clean birds. A negative list is given that in cases is difficult to translate with certainty. The different modern versions vary in detail. In general carrion-eating and fish-eating birds were forbidden, just as they are not used for food today. Chickens are not mentioned in the OT. The eating of bird eggs and the mother bird together is forbidden in Deuteronomy 22:6, apparently for conservation reasons. If the eggs are taken, the mother bird will lay more; but if the mother bird is taken, there will be no more eggs! Doves, their eggs, and their young were eaten.
After doing some searching on Google, the Gripe doesn’t seem to be a recognizable bird today. When searching for the Aliet, After just about giving up, this interesting article was found:
Hearldry is a displaying of different Coats of Arms. The bird in on this Crest or Coat of Arms is the Aliet:
These verses in other translations indicate some type of birds of prey. That is what is article is saying also. If you can read the “old English”, notice that it mentions “This Fowl hath her Tallons or Pounces inwardly crooked like a hook.” That is a good description of a Hawk, Falcon, or some other type of bird of prey. “and is called in Latine [Latin], Falco (faith Calepine). Falco is the genus for Falcons and includes 15 Kestrels, 22 Falcons and 4 Hobbys.
It also mentions the “Alietus is a little Fowl that preyeth upon small birds…”
Peregrine Falcon on Watch! by Ray
Falcons, Kestrels and Hobbies are part of the Falconidae Family.
- Nave’s Topical Bible – Falcon
- Falconiformes Order
- Bible Birds – Falcons
- See More Bible Birds
- ABC’s of the Gospel